District Courts are created by the Constitution. They are the trial courts of Kansas, with general original jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, including:
- Divorce and domestic relations
- Damage suits
- Probate and administration of estates
- Care of the mentally ill
- Juvenile matters
- Small claims
It is here that the criminal and civil jury trials are held. Kansas is divided into 31 judicial districts, with a varying number of counties and judges in each district.
Sherman County is part of the 15th Judicial District which includes Thomas, Sheridan, Cheyenne, Rawlins, Wallace, and Logan Counties.